The Oklahoma City Bombing
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Was the bombing of the Murrah Federal Building the work of a larger conspiracy of terrorists?
There are three basic threads of conspiracy theory in the speculation about the bombing of the Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City. I have given them place names for shorthand based on the locus of their explanations:
Of the three theories, the thread I have named "The Waco Theory" is the weakest. There is simply too much conflicting testimony and loose ends to believe that this attack was limited to the dynamic duo of McVeigh and Nichols. In terms of connections, conflicting and suppressed testimony, and eye witness accounts of strange things that went on around the Murrah building on the morning of the explosion, "The Elohim City Theory" is perhaps the strongest. "The Manila Theory" largely depends on the deathbed confession of a Philippine intelligence operative who places Nichols and Youssef together, but in this post 9-11 world, the Iraqi-Al Qaeda connection is receiving renewed interest and scrutiny. A lawsuit filed recently against the government of Iraq has served to substantially bolster this thread. The Manila thread is also supported by some interesting circumstantial evidence based in the movements of Nichols and Youssef in the Philippines.
The Manila and Elohim theories are not mutually exclusive. There is a bit a bleed-through between the two. Some witnesses reported that one of the John Doe's seen speeding away from the scene of the crime in a brown Chevy pickup was a "dark skinned male" with the implication being a middle eastern rather than African complexion. Some of the suppressed statements from federal officials indicate that there was some warning or premonition that a terror attack was about to occur and the warnings come from both the Elohim connection and Islamic terrorist concerns. The explosion analysis evidence from Gen. Partin can be seen as supporting either thread, but to my eye tends to support the Elohim scenario a bit better, since it is hard to see how middle eastern terrorists would be able to get into the Murrah building and set cutter charges.
There is an ideological point of connection between neo-Nazi's and radical Islamic terrorists. They both share a lethal hatred of Jews. There appears to be long-standing relationships which existed between Iraqi intelligence operatives and some of the players in the Elohim City orbit. Kelley O'Meara reports:
I have categorized the following articles according to their thread with the small red tag above the title: MANILA, WACO, ELOHIM
The mission of the Oklahoma Bombing Investigation Committee, a non-profit organization, is to find the whole truth about the fatal attack on the Murrah Federal Building on April 19, 1995. Through extensive eyewitness interviews and research, the Committee is working to bring all those responsible to justice. Evidence presented at this web site is documented, compiled from more than four years of investigation.
IN ORDER TO FULFILL HIS MILITARY OBLIGATION, McVeigh signed on with the Army National Guard in Buffalo, where he landed a job as a security guard with Burns International Security. McVeigh was assigned to the night shift, guarding the grounds of Calspan Research, a defense contractor that conducts classified research in advanced aerospace rocketry and electronic warfare...
Colonel David Hackworth, an Army veteran who interviewed McVeigh for Newsweek, concluded that McVeigh was suffering from a "postwar hangover." "I've seen countless veterans, including myself, stumble home after the high-noon excitement of the killing fields, missing their battle buddies and the unique dangers and sense of purpose," wrote Hackworth in the July 3rd edition of Newsweek. "Many lose themselves forever."
Although such symptoms may be seen as a delayed reaction syndrome resulting from the stress of battle, they are also common symptoms of mind control.
While visiting friends in Decker, Michigan, McVeigh complained that the Army had implanted him with a microchip, a miniature subcutaneous transponder, so that they could keep track of him. He complained that it left an unexplained scar on his buttocks and was painful to sit on.
A county grand jury that spent 18 months investigating the Oklahoma City bombing reported Wednesday that it found no additional conspirators and no evidence that federal agents were involved in, or had prior knowledge of, the 1995 attack that killed 168 people.
The panel also returned an indictment that was sealed, meaning no details were released. Sources told CNN it names a person believed to be in Oklahoma City.
"We have returned one indictment. We leave other charging decisions in this matter to the appropriate authorities," their report said.
"We cannot affirmatively state that absolutely no one else was involved in the bombing," grand jurors said. "However, we have not been presented with or uncovered information sufficient to indict any additional conspirators."
Federal Judge Richard Matsch, who presided over McVeigh's trial, has said, "There are many unanswered questions. It would be very disappointing to me if the law enforcement agencies of the United States government have quit looking for answers in this Oklahoma bombing tragedy."
In Oklahoma City, an investigative reporter began asking the question long before the September 11 attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon. Jayna Davis, in a series that aired on KFOR-TV in 1995, examined the possible existence of John Doe No. 2, a man witnesses saw with McVeigh outside the federal building moments before the bomb went off, killing 168 people. Her reports also raised questions about the purpose of several trips Nichols made to the Philippines, into areas in which terrorists linked to Osama bin Laden were known to hide out. Davis herself no longer freely talks about her work. She has been sued by a subject of her reports and advised by her attorneys not to grant interviews. Earlier this year, however, she appeared on Fox Network's The O'Reilly Factor and spoke at length about her investigation: "And what we discovered, an intelligence source at one of the highest levels in the federal government later confirmed, was a Middle Eastern terrorist cell living and operating in the heart of Oklahoma City . . . We have (22) sworn witness affidavits that tie seven to eight Arab men to various stages of the bombing plot . . . It really is a foreign conspiracy masterminded and funded by Osama bin Laden, according to my intelligence sources."
After six years in the making, the Oklahoma City Bombing Investigation Committee, headed up by former Oklahoma state representative Charles Key, has announced the long-awaited release of its final report, which differs sharply and dramatically from the official conclusions of the federal government.
Major points outlined in the committee's report include:
To a tight circle of federal law enforcement officials she was known as Confidential Informant 53270-183, or more commonly, CI-183. To her "comrades" in the neo-Nazi and "Christian Identity" movements whom the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms (ATF) and FBI had asked her to infiltrate and surveil she was known by the nome de guerre "Freya" and "Lady MacBeth." During the trial of Timothy McVeigh for the Oklahoma City bombing, she became more widely known in press accounts by her real name: Carol Elizabeth Howe.
That is the name affixed to the ATF's "Informant Agreement" of August 25, 1994, signed by Miss Howe and Special Agent Angela Finley (now Angela Finley-Graham) of the ATF's Tulsa, Oklahoma office. McVeigh's defense team had sought to have Howe testify concerning her allegations that she had warned her federal supervisors prior to the bombing that subjects of her investigation were planning to bomb federal buildings, including the one in Oklahoma City. But jurors in the Denver trial of McVeigh never heard Carol Howe's name mentioned in court, nor did they hear her testimony. Federal prosecutors filed motions to prevent her appearance as a defense witness.
"Where the hell was the ATF, I want to know?" she thundered, red hair flying in the breeze. 'All 15 or 17 of their employees survived, and they were on the ninth floor. They were the target of this explosion, and where were they? Did they have a warning sign? Did they think it might be a bad day to go into the office?"
Author of Oklahoma City Bombing - The Suppressed Truth
The retirement of career FBI Special Agent Danny Defenbaugh, accused by defense attorneys and plaintiffs in the Oklahoma City bombing case of withholding key evidence, wasn't the only dramatic development in the continuing controversies surrounding the April 19, 1995, attack that killed 168 people.
Insight has learned that the widow of Philippine-government intelligence agent Edwin Angeles has provided audiotaped testimony to an investigator working for the American victims' families that directly ties Iraqi intelligence agents to Terry Nichols, the man sentenced in 1998 to life in prison for his role in bombing the Alfred P. Murrah Building seven years ago.
A survivor of the Oklahoma bombing appeared on the Sept. 2 broadcast of Radio Free America (RFA)—the weekly call-in talk forum sponsored by American Free Press, with host Tom Valentine—to blast what he calls a cover-up by the FBI and the Justice Department in failing to pursue the role of others alongside Timothy McVeigh in the tragic bombing.
Q: You were on the eighth floor of the Murrah building when the bomb went off. There was a news photograph taken right after the bombing showing you standing there in the rubble on the eighth floor.
A: I didn’t realize that I had been knocked unconscious as long as I had been and when I finally talked to the little lady who took that picture, she told that she thought it had been taken around 9:25.
Q: I was sitting at my desk signing some papers and felt the building start shaking. It was a very weird feeling. I had never experienced anything like that before. I didn’t know what it was. I kind of froze. The lights went out and debris started falling on the desk. There was something that dropped from above and hit me in the back of the head, putting a hole there. That knocked me out.
A: I never heard the truck bomb go off. The truck bomb went off after I had been knocked out by the debris.
Q: You are certain that you were knocked out before the truck bomb went off in the street—that there was a blast that preceded it, one from inside the building.
A: I don’t think there is any way that I would not have heard that truck bomb go off, as close as I was to it, if I had been conscious.
ELOHIM AND MANILA
Brig. Gen. Benton K. Partin USAF (retired) assisted in the development of MANY of the military weapons used today. This man concluded that Timothy McVeigh, now dead, could not have been working alone, and that a conspiracy was present in the destruction of the Murrah Building.
The General illustrates this could not have taken place the way the media has described, and the evidence has now been destroyed. Clearly, according to Partin, this building could NOT have been demolished by a single truck bomb if the support columns had not ALREADY been damaged by interior blasts. Remember, the Trade Center bombing had a LARGER "Truck-Bomb" and that bomb was RIGHT NEXT TO a support column, and that column wasn't even collapsed.... Partin feels strongly that Timothy McVeigh could not have been working alone and that a conspiracy existed to demolish the Murrah Federal Building For a more in-depth investigation into this, download our file on the death of Terrance Yeaky, the first Oklahoma City Police Officer on the scene who actually witnessed the detonation and later committed "suicide." The file requires Acrobat Reader to view and/or print. The file is an EXCERPT from our book, "Blood Trail." The book outlines other conspiracies also.
In a recently discovered news article written by the Washington Post on June 17th, 1997, the Oklahoma National Guard authenticates the following photos as being exactly what they appear to be, photos of a Ryder truck in a clandestine base at Camp Gruber-Braggs.
"When several law-enforcement officials told us that they didn't know about the importance of April 19, my husband rattled off the events. He said April 19, 1775, was `the shot heard around the world'; April 19, 1942, the Nazis celebrated the burning of the Warsaw Ghetto; April 19, 1985, was the day the FBI raided the compound of the Covenant, the Sword and the Arm of the Lord (CSA); April 19, 1992, was the original aborted raid on Randy Weaver's cabin at Ruby Ridge, Idaho; and April 19, 1993, was the day Mount Carmel was burned to the ground by the ATF at Waco, Texas." -- Cathy Wilburn. [She and her late husband, Glenn, were among the first to question the official version of events and sign on to the tort claim. Their daughter, Edye Stowe, lost two children in the bombing - Chase, age 3, and Colton, age 2. In the aftermath, very early on, they began learning of oddities and anomalies between what officially was being said and what witnesses said had occurred.]
That date is, in short, a kind of mantra for people such as McVeigh and his paramilitary comrades. Those following loose ends of the bombing case say April 19, 1995, was important for another reason, perhaps more directly connected to the bombing than any of the rest. Just hours after the bombing of the Murrah Building, Arkansas prison officials prepared for that afternoon's execution of Richard Wayne Snell, a member of the domestic terrorist organization known as The Order, which was founded out of the Aryan Nation in Idaho. According to court records, Snell conceived the plan to blow up the Murrah Building in 1983. Some investigators think it is not coincidental that McVeigh carried out the bombing in much the same manner as plotted by Snell 12 years earlier.
The Sting Hypothesis
Journalist David Hoffman knows something about the death of the truth. The editor of the Haight Ashbury Free Press attracted national attention when the Oklahoma City local grand jury, which Charles Key had fought to convene, failed to indict a single person in connection with the bombing and instead charged Hoffman with misdemeanor jury-tampering for sending copies of his book to members of the panel.
Hoffman's troubles didn't end when he finished a sentence of community service in Oklahoma. Unsold copies of his book were destroyed by the publisher, Feral House, under threat of a libel lawsuit from a former FBI agent. First-edition copies of The Oklahoma City Bombing and the Politics of Terror currently fetch $200 on the Internet. A revised edition has been issued by CLS Publishing in Maryland.
A central thesis of Hoffman's book is that on the morning of April 19, 1995, FBI and ATF agents intended to stage a spectacular arrest of right-wing extremists. For reasons unknown, the operation was cancelled and the bombing allowed to occur.
The sting hypothesis may seem unlikely, but Hoffman and Oklahoma reporter J.D. Cash interviewed witnesses who observed electronic surveillance activities and bomb squad maneuvers taking place early on the morning of the bombing. The scenario is eerily similar to the FBI's inexplicable removal of its informant from a terrorist cell two weeks prior to the World Trade Center bombing. Charles Key and the Wilburns came to similar conclusions in the course of their own investigations. Hoffman explains:
"If you're an FBI agent and you want to conduct a sting operation in a county, you've got to notify the sheriff . . . so their officers don't trip over your officers. When the sting goes bad, everybody from the sheriff's office up to the FBI and Justice Department is covering it up."
Excerpts of Hoffman's book, The Oklahoma City Bombing and the Politics of Terror can be read online at:
Who stood to gain?
President William Jefferson Clinton attributed the revival of his popularity after the 1994 election debacle to the April 19, 1995, bombing of the Murrah Federal Building in OKC. ("Relaxing on Air Force One after the election, Bill Clinton told reporters it was the Oklahoma bombing that proved the turning point in his political fortunes."-- Ambrose Evans-Pritchard, "Bomb that Gave Clinton Victory Could Still Return to Haunt Him," London Sunday Telegraph, Nov. 10, 1996.) The bombing supposedly discredited "right- wing" anti-government and anti-Clinton critics, talk radio hosts, and what- not.
"After the bombing of the Oklahoma City federal building, President Clinton made great political hay of the tragedy by drawing parallels between the anti-government extremists behind the plot and the anti-big-government Republican revolution that had swept Congress."
The Meaning of Tim McVeigh by Gore Vidal
"So what’s the take-away?" was the question often asked by TV producers in the so-called golden age of live television plays. This meant: what is the audience supposed to think when the play is over? The McVeigh story presents us with several take-aways. If McVeigh is simply a "useful idiot," a tool of what might be a very large conspiracy, involving various homegrown militias working, some think, with Middle Eastern helpers, then the F.B.I.’s refusal to follow up so many promising leads goes quite beyond its ordinary incompetence and smacks of treason. If McVeigh was the unlikely sole mover and begetter of the bombing, then his "inhumane" (the Unabomber’s adjective) destruction of so many lives will have served no purpose at all unless we take it seriously as what it is, a wake-up call to a federal government deeply hated, it would seem, by millions. (Remember that the popular Ronald Reagan always ran against the federal government, though often for the wrong reasons.) Final far fetched take-away: McVeigh did not make nor deliver nor detonate the bomb but, once arrested on another charge, seized all "glory" for himself and so gave up his life. That’s not a story for W.E. Henley so much as for one of his young men, Rudyard Kipling, author of The Man Who Would Be King.
Finally, the fact that the McVeigh-Nichols scenario makes no sense at all suggests that yet again, we are confronted with a "perfect" crime – thus far.
WASHINGTON (AP) -- Two federal law enforcement agencies had information before the 1995 Oklahoma City bombing suggesting that white supremacists living nearby were considering an attack on government buildings, but the intelligence was never passed on to federal officials in the state, documents and interviews show.
FBI headquarters officials in Washington were so concerned that white separatists at the Elohim City compound in Muldrow, Okla., might lash out on April 19, 1995 -- the day Timothy McVeigh did choose -- that a month earlier they questioned a reformed white supremacist familiar with an earlier plot to bomb the same Alfred P. Murrah federal building McVeigh selected.
WASHINGTON — FBI investigators in the Oklahoma City bombing gathered evidence linking Timothy McVeigh to white supremacists who the government had been told before the bombing were threatening to attack government buildings, investigative memos show.
Several of the documents were not provided to the bomber's defense before he was convicted. And the FBI agent in charge of the investigation says he never received one teletype from his own headquarters that raised the possibility McVeigh was aided by other accomplices.
"They short-circuited the search for the truth," McVeigh's original attorney, Stephen Jones, said in an interview. "I don't doubt Tim's role in the conspiracy. But I think he clearly aggrandized his role, enlarged it, to cover for others who were involved."
The retired FBI chief of the Oklahoma City investigation, Dan Defenbaugh, said he was unaware of some evidence obtained by The Associated Press and that the investigation should be reopened to determine whether the robbery gang was linked to McVeigh.
The evidence never shared with Defenbaugh's investigators or defense lawyers includes documents showing the Aryan Republican Army bank robbers possessed explosive blasting caps similar to those McVeigh stole and a driver's license with the name of a central player who was robbed in the Oklahoma City plot.
Though the author of a best-selling book on a Mideast connection to the 1995 Oklahoma City bombing says she is not surprised about a report of a videotape showing Timothy McVeigh with accomplices before the explosion – since the FBI has admitted there are 22 tapes related to the event in existence – she is "cautious" about the validity of this particular claim.